Jury finds Guy Gentile liable as control person of SureTrader in SEC case

On Tuesday, July 2, 2024, after a ten-day trial, a jury in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida found Guy Gentile, the founder, owner, and CEO of MintBroker International, Ltd., f/k/a Swiss America… Read More

Important Changes Are in Store for the SEC and Other Federal Agencies

Last week, the Supreme Court handed down two opinions that have the potential to limit the authority of the Securities and Exchange Commission in fundamental ways and to curtail, or at least redirect, its ability to discipline individuals… Read More

Does FINRA Rule 6490 Impact Going Public Transactions?

FINRA Rule 6490 has had an important impact on going public transactions specifically reverse mergers with public shell companies.

Benefits of Direct Public Offerings

While going public offers many benefits, it also comes with risks and a large number of regulations with which issuers must become familiar. Despite the risks, the U.S. capital markets remain one of the most attractive sources of… Read More

Xeriant, Inc. Fights Toxic Funder Auctus Fund in Appellate Court

Since 2017, the SEC has been bringing enforcement actions intended to curb the excesses of lenders who deal in convertible securities like promissory notes, preferred stock, warrants, debentures, and more. While the word “lenders” seems anodyne or even… Read More

Meta Materials Executives, John Brda and George Palikaras, charged with Market Manipulation, Fraud and Other Violations

Thanks to an SEC Complaint filed today, MMTLP shareholders finally have the undisputable evidence needed to point their previously misguided blame for their massive losses at the proper culprits. For months after the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA“)… Read More

What are the SEC Reporting Requirements After My Form S-1 is Effective?

Once the SEC staff declares your company’s Securities Act registration statement on Form S-1 effective, the company becomes subject to the SEC’s reporting requirements under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  These rules require your company to file… Read More

Going Public Using an S-1

Using a Form S-1 Registration Statement to Go Public Private companies that go public commonly use a registration statement (“Registration Statement”) on Form S-1 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) to go public…. Read More

Court denies James L. Koutoulas’ petition to quash SEC subpoena

On May 23, 2024, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida granted the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (the “SEC“) application to enforce a subpoena for the production of documents to James L. Koutoulas (“Koutoulas ”)… Read More

Why use a Direct Public Offering (DPO) to Go Public on the OTC Markets

An Initial Public Offering or IPO is used by issuers seeking to go public using an underwriter. IPOs are typically conducted by issuers listing on the NYSE Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) or NASDAQ Stock Markets (“NASDAQ”). Issuers most often… Read More

11th Circuit Upholds Unregistered Dealer Justin Keener SEC Judgment

On May 29, 2024, the U.S. Court Of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit entered its Opinion in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC“) case against Justin Keener dba JMJ Financial (together “Keener”), upholding the United States District Court… Read More

Tips For Going Public With A Direct Public Offering

More and more issuers going public opt for a direct public offering. Unlike an Initial Public Offering (IPO), in a direct public offering, the issuer sells shares of its stock directly to investors rather than through an underwriter. Going public transactions using a direct public… Read More

SEC Obtains $5.9 Million Judgment Against John Fierro in Unregistered Penny Stock Dealer Case

On May 21, 2024, Judge Georgette Castner of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey entered a final judgment against John D. Fierro and JDF Capital, Inc. The SEC’s complaint alleged that the Defendants… Read More

Are You Ready? T+1 Trade Settlement Begins Next Week

On May 21, 2024, Securities and Exchange Commission Chair Gary Gensler formally announced the U.S. securities market’s switch to a T+1 standard settlement cycle. “T+1” means all trades in all U.S. markets will be settled the day after… Read More

PCAOB Imposes a $400,000 Fine and Sanctions MaloneBailey, LLP for Pervasive Quality Control Violations

Less than a month after one of the biggest auditing firms in the public markets, BF Borgers, and its owner, Benjamin Borgers, were permanently banned and fined a combined $14 million by the Securities and Exchange Commission (the… Read More

SEC Issues BF Borgers Exemptive Order For SEC Reporting Companies

On May 20, 2024, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) provided exemptive relief to certain SEC reporting companies affected by the SEC’s permanent suspension of BF Borgers CPA PC and its owner, Benjamin F. Borgers (together, “BF Borgers”),… Read More

CAT’s Cradle – Ongoing Problems with the SEC’s Consolidated Audit Trail

In July 2012, the SEC adopted a new Rule 613 under Section 11A(a)(3)(B) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”). It would require national securities exchanges and national Self-Regulatory Organizations (“SROs’) “to act jointly in developing… Read More

Trump Media’s auditing firm, BF Borgers, busted for “massive fraud”

On May 3, 2024, the Securities and Exchange Commission announced an enforcement action against auditing firm BF Borgers CPA PC and its principal, Benjamin F. Borgers. The regulator charged the firm with “deliberate and systemic failures to comply… Read More

SEC permanently bans BF Borgers and its owner Benjamin Borgers and fines them a combined $14 million for accounting fraud

On May 3, 2024, the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC“) charged audit firm BF Borgers and Its owner, Benjamin F. Borgers (together, “Respondents”), with Massive Fraud affecting more than 1,500 SEC filings. The SEC found that Borgers… Read More

SEC Nails BF Borgers and Ben Borgers – Issuers Must Obtain New Auditors

On May 3, 2024, the Securities and Exchange Commission provided a statement for issuers impacted by its enforcement action against BF Bofgers CPA PC. According to the SEC Action  against BF Borgers approximately 1,500 issuers used the services of BF Borgers for their audits.

SEC Charges Convertible Note Dealer Tri-Bridge Ventures, LLC and John Francis Forsythe, III for Failure to Register

On April 29, 2024, the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC“) charged John Francis Forsythe, III (“Forsythe”), a resident of New Jersey, and Tri-Bridge Ventures, LLC (“Tri-Bridge”), an entity he owns and controls, with failing to register with… Read More

SEC obtains final judgment against relief defendant in George Stubos case

On April 15, 2024, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York entered a final judgment against relief defendant Dori-Ann Stubos, ordering her to pay more than $2.3 million in disgorgement and prejudgment interest. In… Read More

Ross Mandell Begins a New Life

Ross Mandell, a former broker and the owner of Sky Capital LLC and Sky Capital Holdings Ltd. was released from federal home confinement in early January of this year. He isn’t letting grass grow under his feet: he… Read More

SEC Periodic Reporting

Companies become subject to the SEC’s periodic reporting requirements in several ways, including by filing a registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended or pursuant to the  Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The SEC’s periodic reporting… Read More

Reg A+ Securities Offerings and FAST Act

Prospective For Underwriters & Broker-Dealers: Due Diligence Considerations Unlike traditional Initial Public Offerings (“IPOs”), there is no potential liability for issuers under Section 11 of the Securities Act in connection with Regulation A+ offerings. Sellers in Regulation A+… Read More


Form S-1 Benefits & Going Public When a company sells shares, the shares must be covered by an effective registration statement or exempt from the Securities & Exchange Commission’s registration statement requirements. Form S-1 is the most commonly… Read More

Investor Relations 101 – The Securities Laws & Stock Promotion

What Is Investor Relations? Investor relations or stock promotion involves disseminating information about a public company to increase its stock price and/or trading volume. The person who publishes this information is sometimes referred to as a “Stock Promoter”,… Read More

SEC Obtains Final Judgment Against Kevin Dills – Joseph Padilla Sentenced in Criminal Case

On March 19, 2024, the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts entered final judgments against California resident Kevin C. Dills and two entities that Dills controlled, Bright Star International, Inc. and Life Sciences Journeys, Inc. In… Read More

Going Public & Exchange Act Registration For Foreign Issuers

Foreign companies going public in the United States must file a registration statement covering a class of securities pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”) if the class of securities will be listed… Read More

OTC Markets 101 – The Basics of Listing – OTCQB

OTC Markets Group (“OTC Markets”) requires companies seeking quotation of their securities on the OTCQB® Venture Stage Marketplace (“OTCQB”) to have an initial and ongoing $0.01 per share minimum bid price, submit an initial OTCQB application, pay annual fees,… Read More